Special Characters

Because HTML uses the characters <, >, and &, in a document as markup references, you cannot use them in your documents unless you use special markup tags.

Each special character tag

If you need to use these characters in your documents, you should specify the markup tag below instead:

&lt; specifies the < (less than) symbol (begins an HTML tag).
&gt; specifies the > (greater than) symbol (ends an HTML tag).
&amp; specifies the & (ampersand) symbol (starts special characters).

A few other special characters that you might want to use in your documents are:

&#169; displays as (copyright).
&#176; displays as (degree).
&#174; displays as (registered trademark).
&#183; displays as (centered dot).

A list of ISO Latin 1 special characters (i.e.: , , , , etc.) is also available in the Further Reading section of HTML .

This concludes this lesson of HTML . Please return to the HTML Index and continue with the next lesson.


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Revised: Friday, 23 July 1999 by EIE WebMistress